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Partial and Complete Knee Replacement

Partial and Complete Knee Replacement

Arthritis and certain knee injuries and diseases can damage the cartilage that normally cushions the knee joint, leading to pain and stiffness. A knee replacement may be recommended when more conservative treatments - such as anti-inflammatory medications and cortisone injections - fail to relieve pain or improve movement.

During a total knee replacement, the entire joint is replaced with an artificial prosthesis. The surgery itself lasts between one-and-a-half and three hours. After the procedure, patients usually experience immediate relief from joint pain. Knee replacements today last about 20 years in 85-90% of patients.

Partial knee replacement may be possible for patients with damage to one part of the joint. In a partial knee replacement, only the diseased parts of the knee are removed and replaced; the healthy portions are left untouched. Successful partial knee replacements can delay or eliminate the need for a total knee replacement. They also allow a greater range of movement than standard (non-high-flex) total knee replacements.

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