A Bankart lesion involves a labral tear to the inferior glenohumeral ligament. This injury occurs as a result of a shoulder dislocation, the force of which can often tear the labrum, especially in younger patients.
Successful treatment of some Bankart lesions can be achieved through conservative methods such as rest, immobilization and physical therapy. More severe cases may require surgery to reattach the torn labrum to the socket of the shoulder. This procedure is usually successful for most patients, allowing them to return to regular activities with little to no incidence of recurring dislocation. Surgery to repair a Bankart lesion can often be performed through laparoscopy, and is often recommended to reduce the risk of recurring dislocations, especially in patients under the age of 30.